Dr. Randhir Biography

Education |  Experience |  Awards | Books | Current Research | Service | Philosphy

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Associate Professor - Watershed Management and Water Quality
Department of Natural Resources Conservation
University of Massachusetts
160 Holdsworth Way
Amherst, MA 01003-9285, USA
Phone: (413) 545-3969


Watershed management, water resources management, water quality, ecological economics, dynamic modeling and optimization, spatial analysis and simulation, complex systems, Institutional economics, GIS-Internet-Simulation integration, systems ecology, climatic change, agricultural economics, land use policy, international trade and development, common pool resources, nonpoint source pollution, and natural resources policy and management. Back to top of page

Ph.D. (1995) Purdue University, Department of Agricultural Economics
UKeywordsU: Natural resources conservation policy, regional planning, water resources protec-tion, spatial dynamic programming, watershed management, ecosystem modeling, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), multi-attribute decision-making, and nonpoint source pollution.
M.S. (1988) Ag. Economics Tamil Nadu Ag. University, Department of Agricultural Economics B. S. (1982) Agriculture, Annamalai University, Faculty of Agriculture.Back to top of page

Sept 2007 – Present: Associate Professor (Watershed Management/Water Quality)
Dept. of Natural Resources Conservation, Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003
Tenured in 2007.
Sept 1997 – Oct 2007: Assistant Professor (Watershed Management/Water Quality)
Dept. of Natural Resources Conservation, Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003
Tenure track position starting in September 2002 Back to top of page

Faculty Affiliations:
Intercampus Graduate School in Marine Sciences and Technology
Department of Resource Economics Center for Public Policy and Administration UMass Extension Appointment: Research, Teaching, and Service

• Research areas: spatial optimization, natural resource economics, watershed science, hy-drology, nonpoint source pollution, biodiversity, urbanization, community science, sus-tainable development, GIS, multi-criteria decision making, ecological economics, global warming, incentive design, common pool resources, information technology, and systems modeling.

• Teaching: Watershed Science & Management, Watershed Management (Online), Ecologi-cal Economics and Sustainability, Ecosystem Modeling and Simulation, Advanced Wa-tershed Management, Water Resources Management & Policy.
Developed and coordinating the Professional Masters Program in Watershed Management offered by the department.

• Grant generation while at UMass (UTotal: $1,355K (60% as a PIU): UPI:U $380K (MA EOEA), $93K (BHE), $50K (USDA–MAES-Hatch), $16K (USDA-MAES-Hatch-multistate), $90K (USDA-MAES-Hatch-multistate), $50K (USDA–MAES-Hatch), $98K (USDA-FS), $15K (FRG/UMass), $5K (USDA-FS). UCo-PI:U $80K (USDA-CSREES), $86K (USDA-SARE), $170K (MA DAR), $212K (USDA-SARE), $10K (MA DOE). USubmitted:U EPA (199K); USDA (195K); USGS (300K).

• Service: Training and outreach to agencies and communities throughout the Common-wealth of Massachusetts and New England, developed participatory planning methods for landscape resources, involvement in national and international professional activities, Provost's Task Force on graduate admissions, UMass Faculty Senate Computer & Elec-tronic Communications Committee, Ombuds Academic Honesty Board and chair of the department computer committee.
Jan 96 - Aug 97: Natural Resource Economist (Post Doctorate)
Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University.

• Post doctoral investigator and modeler in a $2 million USDA-CSREES project (SDSS-Spatial Decision Support System) of Purdue Univ., Texas A&M Univ., and Univ. of Illinois.

• The project develops a spatial, participatory, multi-objective, dynamic optimization sys-tem to develop cost-effective and efficient soil and water conservation decisions.

• Other research conducted: global warming, international agricultural trade, watershed economics and policy, ecosystem-based planning and policies, conservation issues in de-veloping economies, water quality policies, and management of common property re-sources
Aug 91 - Dec 95 Graduate Research Assistant Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University.

Completed two research projects (for USGS and USDA) and a Ph.D. thesis. Jan 89 - July 91 Assistant Professor Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University. Teaching (40%), Research (40%), and Extension (20%). Taught one undergraduate course and completed several projects on water allocation, village economics, cropping systems, and farm management as a Principal Investigator.

Professional Memberships
American Geophysical Union (AGU) American Association for Advancement of Science (AAAS) American Water Resource Association (AWRA) Soil and Water Conservation Society (SWCS) International Society for Ecological Economics (ISEE) International Association for the Study of Common Property Resources
American Agricultural Economists Association (AAEA)
Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economists Association (NAREA) American Economic Association (AEA)

Lilly Teaching Fellow (2003-04), University of Massachusetts.
Chancellor's Award for Outstanding Community Service (1999), University of Massachusetts
Service Learning Fellow in Teaching (1998-99) awarded by Provost's Special Committee Berg Fellow (1997) of the Soil and Water Conservation Society. Outstanding Ph.D. Thesis Award (1995), Purdue University, Dept. of Ag. Economics. Nominated for Distinguished Teacher Award (UMass, 2004 and 2008), Nominated for Best Reviewer (SWCS, 1997) and Nominated by Department for Outstanding Ph.D. Thesis (Na-tional competition of the American Agricultural Economics Association, 1995) Back to top of page

Merit Scholarship:
National Merit Scholar, India (1982). Merit Scholar, Tamil Nadu Ag. Univ., India (1986); Medals: Pachaiyappa's Gold Medalist, India (1980)

Academic Honors:
Outstanding Ph.D. Thesis (1995) and nominated for AAEA Competition (1995). Honor rank in MS. Program (1988) Honor rank in BS. Program (1986) Rotary award for first rank in Secondary School Leaving Examination (1980).

Computational Hydraulics INC. course on “Stormwater Modeling with SWMM, PCSWMM, and GIS” Feb 21-23, 2000. NCAR Fellowship to participate in “An Institute of the Economics of the Climatic Resource” 5-7 June 1995, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder Colorado.

Grants: (* indicate grants while at UMass- Listed chronologically). 1995-1997. USDA: “Spatial Decision Support System.” $2 million. Investigators: J.G.Lee, B.Engel, and S. Lovejoy. Participated in writing the proposal as a Ph.D. student. I was later appointed as an investigator and modeler in this multi-institutional, and multi-disciplinary project (Jan 1995 to Oct. 1997). 1998-1999: *EOEA/ Commonwealth of Massachusetts. "Watershed Initiative - UMASS-EOEA Contract" $387,000. Principal Investigator (PI): T. O. Randhir, Asst. Professor, Dept. of Natural Resources Conservation. Managed a team of more than 15 under-graduates, 5 graduate research assistants, and one professional staff. Effectively managed the budget of 10 different sub-projects (Jan 98-Dec 99). 1998-1999 *Board of Higher Education. “Three Communities Connected by a River and Frame-works: Linking Science and Technology to Schools ($20,000). PI:Randhir, Co-PI: Burbank (Sept 1998 to Aug 1999). 1999-2000 *Board of Higher Education. “Three Communities Connected by a River: Sustainable Communities through State Curriculum” ($25,000) PI: Randhir, Co-PI: Burbank; (Sept 1999 to Aug 2000). 1999-2000. *USDA/CSREES. “Watershed-based Education to Protect Water Resources and Eco-systems” $80,000. PI: Jackson, CoPI: Randhir (Jan 98-Dec 99). 2000 - 2001. *MA Board of Higher Education. 2000-2001. "Three Communities Connected by a River: Sustainable Communities through State Curriculum Frameworks." $48,000; PI: Randhir, Co-PI: Burbank. (Sept 2000 to Aug 2001). 2002-2007. *USDA-Hatch (MAES). Integrated Watershed Management to Protect Water Quality and Ecological Integrity.” $50,000 PI: Randhir. (Sept 2002 to Aug 2007). 2003-2005. *USDA/Forest Service: “Distance-Education in Forestry” $98,000, PI: Randhir (Aug 2003-June 2005); Co-PIs: McComb and Loomis; 2003-2004. *USDA/Forest Service. “Urban Forestry Watershed Modeling” $5,000, PI: Randhir (Aug 2003-June 2004). 2004-2005 *USDA-Hatch (MAES). “Environmental and Economic Impacts of Nutrient Management on Dairy Forage Systems” $16,000. PI: Randhir; CoPI: Herbert (Sept 2004 to Aug 2005). 2005-2010. USDA-Hatch (MAES). Multi-state (NE-132): “Whole Farm Dairy and Beef Systems to Protect Environmental Quality” $90,000 PI: Randhir; CoPI: Herbert (Sept 2005 to Aug 2010).

2006-2007 *Faculty research grant/ Healy endowment grant, UMass, “Decision Making under En-vironmental Uncertainty: An Experimental Investigation”, ($15K) PI: T. Randhir. Sept 2006 to Aug 2007. 2006-2008. *USDA-SARE: “Effective Cover Crop Seeding dates for Nutrient Recovery” $85,953 PI: Herbert; Co-PI: A.M. Hashemi and T. Randhir (July 2006 to June 2008). 2007-2008. *Mass DOE. Economic Evaluation of Switchgrass for Biofuel. $10K PI: Herbert; Co-PI: R. Prostak, and T. Randhir. (May 2007 to April 2008). 2007-2010. *USDA-SARE. Assessing Pasture Species, Varieties, Blends. $212K. PI: Herbert; CoPI: T. Randhir and others. 2007-2009. *Mass DAR -Ag. Innovation Center. Integrating Pasture Management on Dairy and Li-vestock Farms. $170K. PI: Herbert; CoPI: T. Randhir and others. 2008-2010. Wildlife Conservation Society. Graduate student training - Nampindo. $30K, PI: Rand-hir UMinor GrantsU: Influence of Risk on Input Use in South India, 1990 (TNAU UUniversity GrantU); De-forestation and Agricultural Productivity in India, 1991(TNAU UUniversity GrantU); Contribution of the University to State Development, 1991(TNAU UUniversity GrantU); Conjunctive use of Irriga-tion Water for Crop Production in P.A. River Irrigation System, 1990 (UIndian Council of Agricul-tural Research GrantU)

(*Publications while at UMass; † indicates Prof. Randhir’s graduate student) SUMMARY: Refereed Journal Articles (28); Refereed full papers in proceedings (2); Books (1); Book Chapters (3); Peer-reviewed selected/conference papers (40); Non-refereed conference papers (4); Other publications (11); and several in process or in review. 

Books Back to top of page
*Randhir, T.O. 2006. Watershed Management: Issues and Approaches. International Water Associ-ation Publishing, London, UK. (168 Pages)
Refereed Journal Articles:
*Randhir, T. O., and D. M. Shriver† 2009, Multiattribute optimization of restoration options: De-signing incentives for watershed management, Water Resources Research, 45, W03405, doi:10.1029/2008WR007169.

* Randhir, T.O., and P. Ekness†, 2009. “Urbanization effects on watershed habitat potential: A multi-variate as-sessment of thresholds and interactions.” Ecohydrology 2(1): 88-101. DOI 10.1002/eco.43

* Randhir, T. O., and O. Tsvetkova†, 2009. “Watershed-scale tradeoffs in water quantity and quality attributes for conservation policy” Water, Soil and Air Pollution. DOI 10.1007/s11270-008-9949-8 * Randhir, T. O., and A.G. Hawes†, 2009. “Watershed land use and aquatic ecosystem response: Ecohydrologic approach to conservation policy” Journal of Hydrology, 364: 182-199. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2008.10.017

*Sekar†, I. and T.O. Randhir. 2009. Arsenic Contamination in Water Resources: Mitigation and Poli-cy Options. Water Policy, 11: 67-78. doi: 10.2166/wp.2009.005 *Marshall†, E., and T.O. Randhir. 2008. “Spatial Modeling of Land Cover Change and Watershed Re-sponse using Markovian Cellular Automata and Simulation” Water Resources Research. 44, W04423, doi:10.1029/2006WR005514.

*Marshall†, E., and T.O. Randhir. 2008. Effect of Climate Change on Watershed Processes: A Re-gional Analysis. Climatic Change. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-007-9389-2 *Sekar†, I., and T.O. Randhir. 2007. Policies for Sustaining Groundwater Resources. Water International (Journal of International Water Resources Association). 32(5): 697-709.

*Ekness†, P., and T.O. Randhir. 2007. Watershed-scale Influence of Spatial Dimensions and Landuse Disturbance on Habitat Potential: An Ecohydrologic Approach to Policy. Journal of American Water Resources Association (JAWRA), December, 43(6): 1468-1482.

*Shriver†, D., and T.O. Randhir. 2006. Integrating Stakeholder Values with Multiple Attributes to Quantify Watershed Performance. Water Resources Research. 42 (8): 1-15. doi:10.1029/ 2005WR004413. *Matteo†, M., T.O. Randhir, and D. Bloniarz. 2006 “Watershed-scale Impacts of Forest Buffers on Water Quality and Runoff in Urbanizing Environment” Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management. May. 132(3): 144-152.

*Sekar†, I., and T.O. Randhir. 2006. Spatial Assessment of Conjunctive Water Harvesting Po-tential in Watershed Systems. Journal of Hydrology. Doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2006.09.024:1-14.

*Low†, S., and T.O. Randhir. 2005. “Watershed Management, Structural Characteristics, Informa-tion Processing, and Cooperative Strategies in Conservation Organizations.” Journal of Soil and Water Conservation. 60(6): 281-287.

*Randhir, T.O. 2005. Managing Ecosystems in the Presence of Habitat Interactions and Market Im-perfections in a Dynamic Setting. International Journal of Ecological Economics and Statistics. 3(5): 21-41. *Randhir, T.O., and C. Genge. 2005. “Watershed-based Institutional Approach to Develop Clean Water Resources.” Journal of American Water Resources Association. 41(2): 413-424.

*Randhir, T.O. 2003. Watershed-scale Effects of Urbanization on Sediment Export: Assess-ment and Policy. Water Resources Research. 39(6): 1-13. doi:10.1029/ 2002WR001913.

*Randhir, T.O., R. O'Conner, P. Penner, D. Goodwin. 2001. "A Watershed-Based Land Prioritiza-tion Model to Protect Water Quality." Forest Ecology and Management. 143: 47-56.

*Randhir, T. O., J. G. Lee, and B. Engel. 2000. “Multiple Criteria Dynamic Spatial Optimization to Manage Water Quality at a Watershed Scale." Transactions of the American Society of Agricul-tural Engineers. 43(2): 291-299.

*Randhir, T. O., and T. W. Hertel. 2000. “Trade Liberalization as a Vehicle for Adapting to Global warming.” Agricultural and Resource Economics Review. 29(2): 159-172.

*Randhir, T. O., and J. G. Lee. 2000. “Effect of Water Quality Standards on Farm Income, Risk and NPS Pollution." Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 36(3): 595-608.

*Loehman, E. T., and T. O. Randhir. 1999. "Resource Degradation and Income Inequality: Alleviat-ing Effects of Externalities in a Dynamic Setting." Ecological Economics. 30(1).

*Randhir, T. O., and J. G. Lee. 1997. “Economic and Water Quality Impacts of Reducing Nitrogen and Pesticide Use in Agriculture.” Agricultural and Resource Economics Review. 26(1): 39-51.

*Lovejoy, S. B., J. G. Lee, T. O. Randhir, and B. A. Engel. 1997. “Research Needs for Water Quality Management in the 21st Century: A Spatial Decision Support System,” Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, January-February, pp: 18-22. Randhir, T. O., and J. G. Lee. 1996. "Managing Local Commons in Developing Economies: An Insti-tutional Approach." Ecological Economics, 16(1): 1-12. Randhir, T. O., and S. Krishnamoorthy, 1993, "Optimal Crop Planning under Production Risk in Tank Irrigated South Indian Farms." Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics: 47(4). (Oct-Dec, 1993).

Randhir, T. O., 1991. "Influence of Risk on Input Decisions in Tankfed Farms of South India." Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 46(1). (Jan-Mar, 1991): 57-63. Randhir, T. O., and S. Krishnamoorthy 1990. "Productivity Variation and Water Use in Farms of Madurantakam Tankfed Area of Chengalpattu District", Indian Journal of Agricultural Econom-ics, 45(1) (Jan-Mar, 1990): 56-59. Sekar, C, A. Alagiapillai, T. O. Randhir, and G. Kumaravelu. 1990. "Economic Analysis of Kapok under Agro-Forestry Conditions of Tamil Nadu." Agricultural Situation in India. (Nov, 1990): 537-540. Randhir, T. O. 1990. “A Micro level Analysis of Variation due to Irrigational and Locational Status in Tankfed Rice-Based South Indian Farms", Indian Journal of Soil Conservation, 18 (1&2) (1990): 41-45.

Refereed, Selected Full Papers resulting from a Conference:

*Ekness†, P. T.O. Randhir, E. Marshall†, D. Shriver†. 2003 Increasing Stream Health in Diverse Sec-tions of an Urban River. AWRA International Congress on Watershed Management for Water Supply Systems. June 29 – July 2, New York. *Randhir, T. O. 1999. "Interactive Community Decision Modeling: Public Involvement in Watershed Policy Research." In Kendy, E. Science Into Policy: Water in the Public Realm. American Water Resources Association.

Book Chapters:

*Randhir, T.O. 2003. Land Use Planning. In: Water: Science and Issues, ed. E. Julius Dasch. New York: Macmillan Reference USA. Pages: 7-11. *Randhir, T.O. 2003. Global Warming: Policy Making. In: Water: Science and Issues, ed. E. Julius Dasch. New York: Macmillan Reference USA. Pages: 134-137. *Randhir, T.O. and S. R. Subramanian. 1999. Hill Agriculture Development: Environmental Issues. In: Kainth, G.S. Developing Hill Agriculture. (Ed.). Vedams Press., Delhi, India.

Peer Reviewed, Selected/ Conference Abstracts:

*Ekness†, P., and T.O. Randhir. 2008. Effect of Spatial Configuration of Watershed Land Use on Hy-drology. American Water Resources Association Proceeding. 2008 at New Orleans, LA.

*Mazzarino†, M., and T.O. Randhir. 2008. Hydrologic Effects of Climate Change in a Tropical, Gla-ciated Watershed in Peru. American Water Resources Association Proceeding. 2008 at New Or-leans, LA.

*Sekar†, I., and T.O. Randhir. 2008. Efficiency of Small-Scale, Storage Networks in India, American Water Resources Association Proceeding. 2008 at New Orleans, LA.

*Randhir, T.O. 2008. “Effect of Climate Change in New England” in session “Adapting to Climate Change”, Southern New England American Planning Association Conference, September 5, Providence, RI.

*Randhir, T.O. 2008. “Effect of climate change in Connecticut River Watershed.” Workshop on “Climate Change in the Northeast: Preparing for the Future Workshop”, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Park Service, U.S. Geological Survey, and Minerals Management Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture's Forest Service, Department of Commerce's National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Six New England states and New York, Workshop – Regional Workshop CD proceedings. June 3 to 5, at Amherst, MA.

*Hawes†, A., and T.O. Randhir. 2007. Effects of Watershed Land Use on Aquatic Ecosystems. Soil and Water Conservation Society. Annual Conference, July 21 to 25 at Tampa, FL.

*Ekness†, P., and T.O. Randhir. 2007. Economic value of riparian ecosystem attributes in an urban setting Soil and Water Conservation Society . Annual Conference, July 21 to 25 at Tampa, FL.

*Tsvetkova†, O. and T.O. Randhir Predicting 2007. Land Use Change and Water Quality Impacts. Soil and Water Conservation Society. Annual Conference, July 21 to 25 at Tampa, FL.

*Ekness†, P., and T.O. Randhir. 2005. Understanding Watersheds: Using water movement on-campus to investigate our natural surroundings. National Science Teachers Association – 2005 Annual Meeting Proceeding. Hartford, CT.

*Marshall†, E., and T.O. Randhir. 2004. Mitigation of Climate Change Impacts on Water Balance at Varying Scales. American Water Resources Association Proceeding. 2004.

*Ekness†, P., and T.O. Randhir. 2004. Interaction between Riparian Systems and Stream Water Quality. American Water Resources Association Proceeding. 2004.

*Brouilette-Jacobson†, D., and T.O. Randhir. 2004. Sustainable Use of Water Supplies in Cape Code: Modeling and Policy Implications. American Water Resources Association Proceeding. 2004.

*Ekness†, P., and T.O. Randhir. 2003. Landuse Effects and Habitat Functions of Riparian Ecosys-tems. American Water Resources Association Proceeding. 2003.

*Marshall†, E. and T.O. Randhir. 2003. Impact of Global Warming on Water Quality in the Connect-icut River Watershed. American Water Resources Association Proceeding. 2003.

*Shriver†, D. T.O. Randhir, and E. Marshall†, 2003. Watershed Classification for Prioritizing Habitat Restoration. AWRA International Congress on Watershed Management for Water Supply Sys-tems. June 29 – July 2, New York.

*Randhir, T.O. 2002. “Economic Policies to Address Urban Impacts of Watershed Processes.” American Water Resources Association Proceeding. *Randhir, T.O., C. Genge., and S. Buckley. 2002. “Watershed Approach to Clean Water in Devel-oping Countries: An Application in Honduras.” American Water Resources Association Pro-ceeding.

*Randhir, T.O. 2002. “Integrated Watershed Modeling for Sustainability Planning.” American Water Resources Association Proceeding.

*Randhir, T.O 2001. “Coastal Watershed Conservation to protect Narragansett Bay.” Journal of Soil and Water Conservation.

*Randhir, T.O. 2001. Watershed Approach to Mitigate the Effects of Hurricanes: A Case Study of Hurricane Mitch in Honduras.” Journal of Soil and Water Conservation.

*Randhir, T.O. 2001. “Protecting Potential Water Supplies in Coastal watershed: The Case of Taunton Watershed. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation.

*Randhir, T.O. S. Lowe†, and K. Norwood†. 2000. "Combining Species and Landscape Assessment to Evaluate Watershed Ecosystems" Journal of Soil and Water Conservation.

*Randhir, T.O. 2000. Multiobjective Planning to Promote Community-based Watershed Conserva-tion." Journal of Soil and Water Conservation.

*Randhir, T.O., E. Keeler†, and K. Norwood†. 2000. Watershed Imperviousness as an Indicator of Water Quality." Journal of Soil and Water Conservation.

*Randhir, T. O., and D. Goodwin. 1998. "Assessing Land Use Changes at a Watershed Level Using GIS." Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 52(2): 169.

*Randhir, T. O., and J. G. Lee. 1998. "Effect of Water Quality Standards on Agriculture." Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 52(2): 157.

*Randhir, T. O., S. Lovejoy, and J. G. Lee. 1998. "Multiobjective Decision-making in Watershed and Landscape Management." Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 52(2): 172.

*Randhir, T. O., and T. Hertel. 1997. “Trade Liberalization as vehicle for Adapting to Global warm-ing.” International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium Annual Meeting, Dec 14-16.

*Randhir, T. O., and J. G. Lee. 1997. “Designing Spatial Incentives to Manage Agricultural Non-point Source Pollution.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 79(5): 1721.

*Jacque. A., and T. O. Randhir. 1997. “Multi-Crop Farming Systems in Developing Countries: Technological Interactions and Policy Implications.” American Journal of Agricultural Econom-ics, 79(5): 1727.

Randhir, T. O., and J. G. Lee. 1996. "Economic and Environmental Implications of Policies to Re-duce Agricultural Nonpoint Source Pollution." Abstract. American Journal of Agricultural Eco-nomics. 77(5), January: 1388.

Randhir, T. O., B. Engel, and J. G. Lee. "A Distributed Parameter/ GIS approach to Agricultural Pollution." Abstract. American Journal of Agricultural Economics. 77(5), January 1996: 1358.

Randhir, T. O., and J. G. Lee. 1996. “Trading Cropping Rights in Erodible Lands under Conserva-tion Reserve Program.” Abstract. American Journal of Agricultural Economics. 77(5), January: 1371.

Randhir, T. O., and J. G. Lee. 1995. "Multiple Criterion Dynamic Optimization of Agricultural wa-tersheds with non point source pollution." selected paper presented at Southern Agricultural Economists Association Annual Meeting at New Orleans, USA. 1995.

Randhir, T. O., and J. G. Lee. 1994. "Institutional Solutions to Resource Degradation in Developing Countries." Abstract. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 76(5) December: 1262-1263. Loehman, E. T., and T. O. Randhir. 1992. "Resource Degradation and Income Inequality: Effects of Externalities in a Dynamic Setting." selected paper at International Association for the study of Common Property Resources Meetings. Sept. Washington. DC., 1992.

Randhir, T. O., and M. Ravichandran†. 1991. "Economic Analysis of Watershed Management in Anakkatti Region of Coimbatore District through National Perspective." Indian Journal of Agri-cultural Economics, 46 (3) (Aug.-Oct.): 301.

Non- refereed Conference Papers:

Randhir, T.O., J. G. Lee, B. A. Engel, H. Manguerra, J. Frankenberger, and A. Spacie. 1997. “Eco-system-based Least-Cost Planning in watersheds: A Spatial Optimization Approach.” paper pre-sented at SWCS conference on “Investigating Ecosystem Dynamics at a Watershed Level.” at Athens Georgia, April 13-16.

Randhir, T.O, J. G. Lee, B. Engel, and S. Lovejoy. 1997. "Improving Water Quality through Wa-tershed Planning: A Spatial Optimization Model." Paper presented the ESEI Environmental Sym-posium, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907.

Randhir, T. O., and J. G. Lee. 1994. "Combining Economic and Biophysical Models in Farming Sys-tems Research." Paper presented at Workshop on "Applied Research and Education in Sustaina-ble Agriculture: What Have We Learned?" April 11-12, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.

Lee, J. G., T. O. Randhir, and S. B. Lovejoy. 1993. "Nitrate and Pesticide Levels in Indiana Rural Domestic Wells." Paper presented at First Purdue University Environmental workshop, Aug. 20, Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, USA.

Other Technical Publications:

*Randhir, T.O. 2004. (Ed.) Watershed Conservation 2004 Proceedings, Sept. 17th University of Massachusetts, Amherst. 2004.

*Randhir, T.O. 2002. (Ed.) Watershed Conservation 2002 Proceedings, Sept. 20th University of Massachusetts, Amherst. 2002.

*Randhir, T.O. 2000. (Ed.) Watershed Conservation 2000 Proceedings. June 2. University of Massa-chusetts. 2000.

*Randhir, T.O., 2000. Sustainable Watershed Planning in Blackstone River Watershed. Technical Report to EOEA-Watershed Initiative. 2000.

*Randhir, T.O. 1999. Ware River Watershed Land Acquisition Model. Technical Report to MDC. 1999. Randhir, T. O., and J. G. Lee. 1993. "Hybrid Criterion Optimization under Dynamic Simulation of Non point Source Pollution." Technical report, Fiscal year 1992-1993. Indiana Water Resources Research Center. Purdue University. West Lafayette, IN, USA. (1993): 1-16.

Randhir, T. O., J. G. Lee, and Ronald Lacewell. 1994. "Effect of Agricultural Practices on Surface Water Quality." Technical Report of Research Project funded by United States Geological Sur-vey.

Randhir, T. O. 1991. "Influence of Risk on Farm Decisions concerning Input Use in Tankfed Zone of Chengaianna District, South India." Staff Report. No.R1. Agecon.364. Department of Ag. Econ., Tamil Nadu Ag. Univ., Coimbatore, India.

Ramasamy, C., and T. O. Randhir. 1991. "Agricultural Growth in Tamil Nadu- Contribution by Ta-mil Nadu Ag. Univ.," Staff Report, Tamil Nadu Ag. Univ., Coimbatore. India.

Randhir, T. O., R. Venkataraman, and N. Ajjan. 1989. Farm Management: Practical Manual (Under graduate Teaching Manual of AGEC 402).

Current Research projects: Back to top of page
• Water harvesting in urbanizing watershed systems (Taunton Watershed)
• Deliberative group decisions (Chicopee Watershed)
• Modeling multiple contaminants and Land dynamics (Blackstone Watershed)
• Coliform contamination and chlorine by-products (Uganda)
• Multi-attribute watershed classification for restoration (Chicopee Watershed)
• Performance measures for Watershed systems (Chicopee Watershed)
• Impact of climatic change on watershed systems (Connecticut River Watershed)
• Watershed dimensions and biodiversity (Westfield River Watershed)
• Institutional solutions to water resources (Honduras)
• Urbanization in Watersheds (Blackstone Watershed)
• Urban Modeling of Pervious cover (Mill River Watershed, Springfield)
• Modeling Land use - Land cover change (Connecticut Watershed)
• Structure and performance of watershed organizations (Nationwide)
• Watershed impacts of animal feed operations (Middle Connecticut Watershed)
• Internet-based, watershed information site for Watershed Communities (Comprehensive site for watershed information)
• Watershed education (website with resources for teaching)
UWorking papers:

Articles USubmitted or In Review:

*Oluka, S.O., A. Steigen, and T.O. Randhir. “Coliform Contamination and Chlorine by-products in Urban Water Supply System in Uganda.” In Review with Urban Water Journal

*Mozumder, P. and T.O. Randhir. Decision-making under Surprise and Uncertainty: Arsenic Conta-mination of Water Supplies.” In Review with American Journal of Agricultural Economics.

*Davis†, K., and T.O. Randhir. “Watershed-scale Prioritization of Potential Habitat for Neotropical Migratory Birds.” In Review with Transactions of GIS.

*Sekar†, I., and T. Randhir. Watershed Degradation and Economic Development: Quantifying Envi-ronmental Kuznets Curves for Water Quality. In Review with Environment and Development Economics.

*Randhir, T.O. (In review with FAO) Economic and environmental impact of producing and utilizing biodegradable packaging in developing countries. In: Pascall, M. Biodegradable Packaging Op-portunities and Options for Developing Countries (Ed.). FAO, Rome (With editor for final ap-proval)


*Randhir, T.O. (In Preparation) Watershed Science and Management. (In contract for completion in 2009). Springer-Verlag.


G – Graduate ; UG – Undergraduate (* courses taught at UMass)
(URL: Uhttp://www.ecowaters.com/wscourse/U)

1. *(G/UG) W&FCON 577 Ecosystem Modeling and Simulation (Fall session of alternate years). Approximately 15 students per semester.

2. *(G/UG) W&FCON 597W Water Resources Management and Policy (Fall session alter-nate years) Approximately 15 students per semester.

3. *(G) W&FCON 697R Watershed Science and Management (Spring session of alternate years). Approximately 20 students per semester.

Recipient of Service Learning fellowship (1998) awarded by Provost's special committee This graduate-level course is interdisciplinary and combines theory and practice of wa-tershed science. The main focus is to develop skills in using scientific techniques, comput-ers, field methods, and the Internet to solve environmental problems.

4. *(G) 697R Advanced Watershed Science (alternating Spring) – Taught during alternate years – 5 students.

6. *(G) 697Z Ecological Economics and Sustainability (alternating spring) – 6 students aver-age. 5. *(G/UG) W&FCON 597S Coastal Watersheds: Issues and Problem Solving (Spring 2001). One time offering with more than 25 Students. Focused on combining science and technology into watershed education offered as off-campus, field-based course. 6. *(G/UG) W&FCON, FOREST 597O Watershed Science and Management Online. (Spring). Enrolment 20 Students per semester. Unique offering as a distance education through multimedia, distributed projects, and threaded discussions.

7. (UG) Economics of Farm management (AGEC 401), TNAU, 1988-91. Others: Invited lectures in Resource Policy (AGEC 616), 1996; Concentration coordinator for professional masters program in watershed management (Also designed the program), Invited lectures in Ecosystem Management (1998-current) at UMASS; Linear Programming (AGEC 601 lab), 1991.

Graduate Advisory Committee:

Chair: R. Dublois (MS, 2009) wetland dynamics; S,. Nampindo (2011 PhD) Water resources and biodiversity; M. Mazzario (2011 PhD) tropical glacier-fed watersheds and climate change; P. Ekness (2010 Ph.D) Watershed ecosystem dynamics; O. Tsvetskova (2010 PhD) Complexity in watershed systems; O. Tsvetskova (2007 MS) Spatio-temporal Modeling; A. Hawes (2007 MS) Sediment and aquatic Impacts; Eric Marshall (2005 MS) – Global Warming and Watershed Modeling; Paul Ekness (2005 MS) – Riparian systems; Debbie Shriver (2004 MS) – Watershed Classification; Kerri Davis (2002 MS) – Neotropical bird habitat; Michelle Matteo (2002 MS) – urban watersheds; Sara Lowe (2001 MS) - Biodiversity in watershed planning; Elinor Keeler (2000 MS) – urbanization;

Member: Alex Manda (2009 PhD. Geosciences) – hydrostructural domains, Jenny Allen (2006 MS) – Coastal Coliform Contamination, Jim Dedes (2005 Ph.D. UMass-Boston) – Wa-tershed metrics; Joseph Ogrodowczyk (2004 Ph.D) – Nonmarket valuation; Mike Lewis (2003 MS) – Stream Daylighting; Bruce Bayne (2002 MS)- Wetlands; Matt Donzella (2002 MS) – Forest Watersheds; JeanMarie Skalka (2001 MS)- Wetlands; Mike Stoltzfuz (2001 MS) – Wetlands; D. Corlett (2001 MS) – Riparian Modeling; Kristy Norwood (1999 MS) – GIS.

Students Services:
Advising Faculty for two undergraduate students. Staff mentor for a first generation and low-income student under HORIZONS Student Sup-port Program of Purdue University (1996).

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Academic Service:
2003-Current: Faculty Senate Computer & Electronic Communications Committee
2002 – 2003: Interim Scientific Director, Water Resources Research Center, UMass
2002 - Provost's Task Force on Graduate Admissions to achieve diversity, UMass
2000 – Current: Academic Honesty Board, Ombuds Office, UMass 2000 – Current: Chair, Computer committee, Dept. of Natural Resources Conservation. 1999 - Chair, Ad-hoc outreach-planning committee, Dept. of Natural Res. Conservation.
2002 – Current: Member - Minority recruitment committee, Website committee.

Scholarly Review/Professional Activity:
2004- Current Editor, International Journal of Ecological Economics and Statistics
2002-2003 UMASS Water Resources Research Center – Chair of Review Panel
2003 USEPA-STAR – Review Panel member
2000, 2002, 2004 USDA-National Research Initiative - Review Panel Member
2002 The Netherlands Foundation for Advancement of Tropical Research (WOTRO) – Scho-larly Review Panel 2000- Current: American Water Resources Association Tech. Committees: Hydrology & Wa-tershed Management Committee, International Committee, and Policy Committee.
2003- Current reviewer of Water Resources Research
2000 – Current: reviewer of the Journal of Hydrology
1999 – Current: reviewer for the Transactions of American Society of Agricultural Engineers 1998- Current: MA State Technical Advisory Committee of NRCS-USDA. 1997 – Current: reviewer for Agricultural and Resource Economics Review (2 per year) 1995- Current: reviewer of the Jl. of Soil and Water Conservation. (4 manuscripts every year) 1996- Current: reviewer for The Journal of the American Water Resources Association, for-merly Water Resources Bulletin. (5 to 6 manuscripts every year) 1999- Current: reviewer for American Journal of Agricultural Economics. 1997- Current: Member of Professional Activity Committee of American Ag. Economics As-soc. 1998- Current: Member of the International Committee of the American Ag. Economics As-soc. 1996: American Water Resources Association - Professional Technical Committees: (i) Water Policy; (ii) Geographic Information Systems and (iii) International Issues. 1989: Three-member Expert Panel appointed by Vice Chancellor, T.N.A. Univ. to study the 1997: Panelist in Berg Colloquium on “The Role of Groups and Organizations in the Policy Making Process” at SWCS 97 Meeting, Toronto. Invited panelist for Berg Forum on “National Natural Resource Conservation Issues” (Jan-Feb, 1998) held at Washington, DC.

Community Service:
2004-2007: Board member of the Massachusetts Watershed Coalition, Leminster, MA.
Extension and Outreach Experience:
(* indicates outreach while at UMass).
• *Provide watershed information through web: Uhttp://www.ecowaters.com/WIS/U and Uhttp://www.ecowaters.com/wscourse/U.
• *Serve on a faculty role in the Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation (NREC) Program of the Umass Extension and worked with extension personnel in various outreach activities.
• *Organizer of Watershed Conservation Annual Conference that attracts agencies, universi-ties, and citizens through New England States. Four conferences were conducted (Total of 480 attendees) participated from throughout the New England region.
• *Conducted several workshops on water quality and watersheds to farmers, K-12 teachers, community leaders, watershed team leaders, and high school students.
• *Directed the Water Resources Research Center, The Environmental Institute during 2002.
• *Developed outreach targeting for urbanizing areas through modeling and sustainable plan-ning.
• *Conducted watershed–based environmental extension and outreach in several watersheds throughout Massachusetts.
• *Conducted training in watershed management to Mayors and Professionals from Honduras (areas affected by Hurricane Mitch).
• *Developed programs to connect student learning through community service (service learn-ing and watershed internships) to watersheds in the New England region.
• Developed web-based applications to assist farmers, regional planners, local and federal deci-sion makers in least-cost water quality and pollution management
• Participated (presented in two sessions) in a Midwest Extension Workshop in Indianapolis, IN (1995).
• Participated in farmer demonstrations and campaign programs in developing countries.
• Participated in farm-level surveys to identify collect data on local problems in resource use.

(Uhttp://pasture.ecn.purdue.edu/~sdssU and Uhttp://www.ecowaters.com/wis/U) Operating Systems: Windows, UNIX, Solaris

Optimization: GAMS
General Equilibrium Modeling: GEMPACK/GTAP, MPS-GE

Mathematical: Mathamatica, Mathlab, Mathcad Internet: Java, ASP, JSP, Web server administration, Frontpage Programming: Java, C++.


Research philosophy: "A systems-approach through using trans-disciplinary perspective." Natural resources and ecosystems form the natural capital of a society. Ecosystem dynamics, economic markets and institutions play a key role in management of these vital resources. The interaction between human and natural systems is often a complex process that includes biophysical, ecological, economic and cultural dimensions. To develop an appropriate approach, it is essential to understand the system in a four-dimensional, space-time conti-nuum. Natural resources change in quality and quantity over geographic space and temporal space and depend on the feedback from economic and ecological processes. The use of mathematical models that involve calcu-lus of variation and optimum control theory can improve modeling of these processes. Another important di-mension is group decision-making involving multi-objective optimization and simulation. Advancements in so-cial choice theory and institutional mechanisms design, ecosystem theories, general equilibrium theory, me-chanism design of market and non-market instruments, and spatial and temporal control theory can be used to address such complex problems. For example, the spatial dynamic optimization (Ph.D. work) framework is an integrated approach to address problems that are related water quality, production, resource management, forest and wildlife management, location of firms, and ecosystem management. Quantitative techniques that involve a combinatorial use of mathematical programming, process simulation, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), and econometrics are also critical elements of successful research.

Teaching philosophy: "Enrich students with skills and knowledge to achieve excellence through pluralistic pe-dagogy." Teaching methods need to aim at enhancing creative and comprehensive learning. A community service learning approach (students involving in community problems) is a key to teaching success. Given the heterogeneity of a student body with respect to knowledge, learning abilities, personalities, and skills, teaching should aim at improving individual skills, while increasing the knowledge level of the entire group. This can be accomplished by using a careful mix of individual training, feedback mechanism, and interactive group discus-sions. Creative experiments in economic, social, and ecological systems, debates, role-playing, case studies and in-class projects are some examples of effective teaching methods. Multimedia tools, the Internet, topic research, reading assignments, discussion open houses, group projects, and critique of research and policies are other effective tools to train students in decision-making. Such teaching methods will also enable students to understand the underlying theory and principles, while developing practical skills in problem solving. In-stead of traditional unidirectional flow of knowledge, it is essential to follow a pluralistic pedagogy (bi-directional teaching and learning) that includes learning about students’ educational requirements. Service Philosophy: "Service through innovative technologies and participatory training" Final end point of research and teaching efforts is to benefit the society. Working with grass-root level decision-makers is criti-cal to respond to the needs of the public. There exists excellent scope in the use of virtual (Internet and com-puter based) and direct means (field contacts) to gather information and to disseminate improved approaches to problem solving at local, national, and international levels. A demand-driven, individual-based, and incen-tive-driven approach is essential to transfer knowledge and technology to address problems facing the public and communities. My philosophy is to involve public or clients of research earlier in the process, in problem definition, modeling, and analysis, rather than involving at the final stage of a program. Professional enhance-ment through national and international interaction is also important.

While research (R), teaching (T), and service (S) are usually compartmentalized as individual tasks, an effec-tive approach is to integrate these three areas through student research (R?T), community service learning (T?S), and community-participated research (R?S). An application of this integrated strategy can comple-ment each other toward a win-win outcome in all the three areas. My academic objective is to achieve profes-sional excellence through superior research, excellence in teaching, and outstanding public service.

Timothy O. Randhir

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